Charlotte Brontë

Charlotte Brontë

  • UK

Charlotte Brontë is a famous English writer, the author of the classic novel Jane Eyre. Born in April 21, 1816 in West Yorkshire, a historic county in the north of England, Charlotte was the third child in the family. Mrs. Brontë and the two eldest children (Maria and Elizabeth) died, leaving the father to care for the remaining three girls—Charlotte, Emily, and Anne—and a boy, Branwell. Their upbringing was aided by an aunt, Elizabeth Branwell, who left her native Cornwall and took up residence with the family at Haworth. In August 1824 Charlotte, along with her sisters Emily, Maria, and Elizabeth, was sent to the Clergy Daughters’ School at Cowan Bridge in Lancashire, a new school for the daughters of poor clergyman (which she would describe as Lowood School in Jane Eyre). In May 1846 Charlotte, Emily and Anne self-financed the publication of a joint collection of poems under their assumed names Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell. Afterwards, Charlotte wrote her first novel, The Professor, which did not appear until after her death, and began Jane Eyre, which, appearing in 1847 and took the public by storm. It was followed by Shirley in 1849, and Villette in 1852. In 1848-1849, Bronte’s brother and sisters died one after another from lung diseases. In 1854, she married a priest, a colleague of her father, Arthur Nicholson. Six months after the marriage, Charlotte’s health deteriorated greatly during pregnancy. By the end of the term, she was severely exhausted and died, according to documents from tuberculosis, the true cause of death is unknown. Among biographers, the most likely versions are the most complex toxicosis and typhoid, from which Charlotte’s maid died shortly. The last representative of the Brontë clan was buried next to her relatives in the family crypt in Haworth.

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